By Mark Harvey
This grammar presents an outline of Limilngan, a formerly undescribed and now extinct language of northern Australia. Australian languages as a rule exhibit a excessive measure of structural similarity to each other. Limilngan exhibits the various universal Australian styles, yet in different parts it diverges considerably from them. It has a typical Australian phonological stock, bit its phonotactic styles are strange. a few heterorganic clusters corresponding to /kb/ are of markedly larger frequency than homorganic clusters reminiscent of /nd/. Like a few Australian languages, Limilngan has many vowel-initial morphemes. in spite of the fact that, traditionally those outcome from lenition and never from preliminary losing as somewhere else in Australia.
Like many northern languages, it has complicated structures of either prefixation and suffixation to nominals and verbs. Prefixation offers information regarding nominal category (four classes), temper, and pronominal cross-reference (subject and objects). Suffixation offers information regarding case, annoying and point. Limilngan differs from so much Australian languages in enormous volume of its morphology is unproductive, exhibiting advanced and abnormal allomorphic variation.
Limilngan is like so much Australian languages in that it can be defined as a loose be aware order language. despite the fact that, observe order isn't really for free and strictly ordered phrasal compounding constructions are major (e.g. within the formation of denominal verbs).
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Extra resources for A grammar of Limilngan: A language of the Mary River region, Northern Territory, Australia
G. the paradigm of 'to get up' (Appendix D). Only a small proportion of the nominal lexicon takes root-level affixation. 4). Stress placement in word forms from these classes fol lows the principles already described for verbs. There is a stress on the first syllable of the root and thereafter each alternate syllable also bears a stress, subject to the proviso that final syllables do not bear a stress. The final stress is the primary stress. Nominal prefixes are monosyllabic, and consequently do not normally bear stress.
Il-ami-ny n-do/say-pp 'It did/said it. ' [Ilamip] b. i] There are i n fact n o examples of the [ Id ) sequence consistently in the realisations o f nominals. This sequence is found consistently only in the realisations of verbs. However, as (2-25) ill ustrates, it is not found in all verbs, though it is common. Further, there is one verb paradigm which shows [ld] preceded by an unstressed vowel . (2-26) PIRR PI PR FU EV to dance w-iyuldarri iyuldarri iyuldarra-yan in-uldarri w-uldarri [wiuldari] [iuldari] [iuldaraian] [muldari] [wuldari] There were some cases where Felix gave [Id] realisations in paradigms which generally showed [I] realisations.
There are two trisyllabic word-level suffixes. One is the Locative case marker, =lilkgami, which takes stress on the first syllable. The other is the pronominal 'alone, self' suffix, =nijilni, which takes stress on the second syllable. There is evidence which suggests that the =nijani suffix is analysable historical ly as * =nija + * =ini (3 . 1 0. 1 ), and consequently that the medial stress in this fonn was historically morpheme-initial. There are three monosyllabic word-level suffixes: =ji 'Prominence' (3.