By Mary A. Carskadon
Teenagers are one of the such a lot sleep disadvantaged populations in our society. This booklet explores the genesis and improvement of sleep styles at this part of the existence span. It examines organic and cultural elements that impression sleep styles, offers hazards linked to loss of sleep, and divulges the consequences of environmental components corresponding to paintings and faculty schedules on sleep. This examine will entice psychologists and sociologists of early life who've now not but thought of the $64000 function of sleep within the lives of our early life.
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Extra resources for Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Biological, Social, and Psychological Influences
In our laboratory, we have successfully measured a component of the circadian timing system with salivary melatonin. 2 illustrates data obtained using this method in adolescents evaluated on two occasions separated by about 4 months. A number of investigators have noted alterations in melatonin secretion in association with pubertal development: in general, the level of serum or salivary melatonin secretion declines during puberty. Some have speculated that melatonin may be involved in inhibiting the onset of puberty.
9% reporting this factor as the chief reason they choose to go to bed. One conclusion, therefore, is that the older adolescents have more social opportunities or greater access to evening social activities, and these activities have a greater influence on sleep patterns during the weekends than on school nights. Academics Academic obligations are often mentioned by adolescents when asked about factors affecting their sleep patterns. Our high school survey data show evidence that homework is a significant factor influencing sleep patterns for only a limited number of students.
The intent is to provide a framework for consideration of behavioral changes and alterations in sleep-wake behavior in adolescents. We consider, in turn, morphologic, neurophysiologic, and endocrine correlates of the pubertal transition, summarize what is known about the mechanisms, and consider how each could impact sleep-wake behavior in children. From the endocrine perspective, puberty is defined as the period between the onset of secretion of pituitary gonadotropins and the attainment of reproductive competence (fertility).