Advances in Experimental Epistemology by James R. Beebe

By James R. Beebe

Experimental epistemology makes use of experimental tools of the cognitive sciences to make clear debates inside of epistemology,the philosophical examine of data and rationally justified trust. during this first serious assortment in this interesting new subfield, prime researchers take on key questions bearing on wisdom, proof, and rationally justified trust.

Advances in Experimental Epistemology addresses critical epistemological concerns reminiscent of no matter if matters in excessive stakes events have to own enhanced facts so that it will have knowledge;whether and in what respects figuring out that p depends on what activities one undertakes in mild of p; how philosophers should still reply to deep and pervasive confrontation approximately specific circumstances of information and trust and the methodological demanding situations to epistemology which are offered through war of words in epistemic intuitions.As good as relocating study in epistemology ahead, this state of the art quantity is helping outline the long run process examine in experimental philosophy.

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Many of their proposals generate testable predictions. We test them. The present chapter, therefore, is just as much a matter of armchair psychology meeting experimental philosophy as it is of armchair philosophy meeting experimental psychology. We will consider three previous proposals offered to explain skeptical lottery judgment. ●● ●● ●● The justification account: unjustified belief inhibits knowledge ascription. That is, if people think that you’re unjustified in thinking that P,5 they will deny that you know P.

Science, 185, 1124–30. , and Strack, F. (2004) Anchoring effect. In R. ), Cognitive illusions: A handbook of fallacies and biases in thinking, judgement, and memory (pp. 183–200). London, UK: Psychology Press. 32 This anchor point may or may not be self-generated. Epley and Gilovich (2006) “The Anchoring-and-Adjustment Heuristic. ” Nicholas Epley and Thomas Gilovich; Psychological Science, 2006, 17(4), pp. 311–18. They argue that self-generated anchors give rise to a satisficing mechanism. More on this below.

In the general discussion below we consider an important objection developed by Buckwalter and Schaffer. Second, although (as defenders of AIK argue) RKP and ACTION may entail (assuming fallibilism) that knowledge is sensitive to practical interests AIK, it does not follow that folk acceptance of those principles entails (H), that is, folk attributions of knowledge are sometimes sensitive to practical interests. However, a person who accepts those principles (and fallibilism) but is such that her attributions of knowledge are not sensitive to stakes is less rational than a person who accepts the principles and is such that her attributions of knowledge are sensitive to stakes.

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