Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance by Robert N. Proctor

By Robert N. Proctor

What do not we all know, and why do not we all know it? What retains lack of knowledge alive, or permits it for use as a political device? Agnotology—the examine of ignorance—provides a brand new theoretical viewpoint to expand conventional questions about ''how we know'' to invite: Why do not we all know what we do not be aware of? The essays assembled in Agnotology convey that lack of know-how is frequently greater than simply a scarcity of data; it could possibly even be the end result of cultural and political struggles. lack of expertise has a historical past and a political geography, yet there also are issues humans don't desire you to understand (''Doubt is our product'' is the tobacco slogan). person chapters deal with examples from the nation-states of worldwide weather swap, army secrecy, lady orgasm, environmental denialism, local American paleontology, theoretical archaeology, racial lack of knowledge, and extra. The objective of this quantity is to raised know the way and why quite a few sorts of realizing don't become, or have disappeared, or became invisible.

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T o b a c c o - f u n d e d Research," A M E D N E W S . ama- a s s n . o r g / s c i - p u b s / a m n e w s / a m n _ 9 6 / s u m m o 7 2 2 . h t m [accessed January 2 0 0 2 ] . 55. See a g a i n m y " S h o u l d H i s t o r i a n s B e W o r k i n g for the T o b a c c o I n d u s t r y ? " 56. Annamaria Baba, Daniel M. Cook, Thomas O. McGarity, and Lisa A. Bero, " L e g i s l a t i n g ' S o u n d Science': T h e R o l e o f the T o b a c c o Industry," A m e r i c a n J o u r n a l o f P u b l i c Health 95 (2005): S 2 0 - 2 7 ; Rick Weiss, "'Data Quality' L a w Is Nemesis of Regulation," Washington Post, August 1 6 , 2004, p.

T h e arguments for openness w e r e several. 5 billion goes into maintaining the secret storehouse. But that isn't the only justifi­ cation. As the national security establishment itself has long recognized, overclassification breeds disregard for classification procedures. Serious classifiers (as o p p o s e d to y a h o o politicians desperately l o o k i n g to classify everything in sight) w a n t the arenas of real secrecy to be protected w i t h higher walls and the vast penumbral gray range to be open.

W a s surely i n v o l v e d ; see m y f o r t h c o m i n g G o l d e n H o l o c a u s t . C o m p a r e also m y C a n c e r Wars, C h a p t e r 5 ; Gerald M a r k o w i t z and D a v i d Rosner, " E x p e r t Panels and Medical Uncertainty," American Journal of Industrial Medicine 19 (1991): 1 3 1 - 1 3 4 ; and Allan M . Brandt, T h e Cigarette C e n t u r y ( N e w York: Basic B o o k s , 2 0 0 7 ) , 159-207. 26. S. Courts, 1 9 9 0 - 2 0 0 2 , " T o b a c c o C o n t r o l 15 (2006): iv 27.

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