Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer by I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

By I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

Agricultural study was once most likely the 1st and is the main frequent kind of organised examine on this planet, and one during which either the main built and underdeveloped nations are engaged. when so much types of examine job, equivalent to within the box of drugs, have global­ huge software, agricultural study, through its very nature, should be neighborhood; virtually no examine discovering may be followed with out learning the result of its program less than the limitless variety of ecological events with which the farmers of the realm are confronted. the advance of agricultural construction is the basic first step wherein constructing nations can wish to elevate their way of life. examine is accordingly an task during which no underdeveloped kingdom can manage to pay for to not interact; nor can nations within which agriculture has reached a excessive point of improvement and class find the money for to forget agricultural learn. it isn't as a result of inertia or vested pursuits that hugely industrialised nations retain, in general at public cost, a expensive and intricate infrastructure for agricultural learn. even if difficulties of overproduction weigh seriously at the economic system, agricultural study is taken into account the basic key to extra development: the targets and objectives are easily replaced and tailored to the desires of the economy.

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LINKAGES Linkages between the Federal Research Stations and the single Faculty of Agronomy (Zurich) are satisfactory. Research workers are given teaching assignments at the Faculty, or direct seminars. The students can do research at the stations for graduate and postgraduate work, under the supervision of a professor. , 1988, pers. ). , 1988, pers. ): • Research workers participate in training courses for farmers. • On-farm trials and pilot farms for integrated techniques. • Research workers provide expert consultations when the extension workers cannot solve a specific problem.

289, p. 2), asks why there has been so little change in the patterns of AFRC's work since 1972 and assumes that the only reason is that MAFF's influence was too remote. However, as time passed, the influence of the 'customers' has increased considerably, and reputedly, they are more satisfied than they were before 1972. The 'contractors' would probably still prefer to have absolute control over their funding, but a reasonable relationship between MAFF and AFRC appears to have developed, in which the 'contractors' have a significant influence on the research programme by indicating what science has to offer, and the 'clients' are satisfied that their problems are being dealt with.

Rebischung (1964). National agricultural research systems: case histories 41 be strengthened by regional stations oriented towards specific commodities (Fig. 3). The responsibilities of the INRA first encompassed research in crop production only: in 1951 its responsibility was extended to include animal husbandry; in 1958, agricultural economy was added; and in 1964, forestry research. Research on agricultural engineering is still carried out outside the framework of the INRA. INRA is therefore responsible for the organisation and implementation of all governmental scientific research pertaining to agriculture, the publication of research results, and the maintenance of liaison with other public services concerned with agriculture.

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